Providing competitive working conditions for farm employees
Working conditions refer to the provisions related to paid work and the employment relationship. Working conditions cover a broad range of topics, from working time (hours of work, rest periods and work schedules) to remuneration.
Working conditions are usually established between employers and workers based on a private negotiation process. However, minimum employment standards are in place in most regions to protect the rights of employees and ensure that they are being treated fairly and with respect.
The most common Employment Standards provisions include the following:
- Wages, pay and deductions
- Working hours and overtime
- Employment records
- Benefits, including vacations and holidays
These provisions, whether legally enforced or freely established, are usually formalized through working contracts.
Most grain farms in Canada are family-owned and labour is provided by family members. Only a portion of farms rely on hired labour to perform their activities.
For example, in 2016 less than 10,000 farms in Saskatchewan reported hiring employees (full-time; part-time; seasonal or temporary), which is about one-third of farms in this major grain-producing province which has 45% of the cropland in Canada1
A survey conducted in 2013 in Quebec showed that close to 60% of salary costs are paid out to family members2